Oat, Healthy Food Choice
Oat and wheat are nowadays getting more popularity for consumption in the communities. These two viands are preferred for consumption, especially, those who are taking diet or applying healthy life pattern. Oat is normally identical with wheat. Many of us mistakenly think that oat is similar to wheat. Indeed, oat is different from wheat.
The scientific name of oat is Avena sativa, while wheat has scientific name Triticum. They are, however, in the same family, i.e. cerelial despite oat or haver of seeds and wheat of grass. Oat contains higher nutrition than wheat. Every 100 gram of oat contains dissolved fibers of 5.1 gram and protein 16 gram compared to wheat of 2.2 gram and 13.7 gram respectively. Dissolved fibers can decrease cholesterol content. Cholesterol is a significant contributing factor of heart disease.
Not only healthy for heart, oat also carried special antioxidant, i.e. avenanthramide, which is effective in fighting against free radicals attacking HDL or known as good cholesterol. This compound also prevents evil cholesterol (LDL) from oxidation process, which means cardiovascular risk can be lessened. In addition, oat contains several fibers, i.e. beta-gluten fibers. These fibers can protect us from heart disease and improve our immunity system. This will assist body immunity cells in searching and restoring parts of body attacked by bacterial infection. Moreover, this fiber-rich oat is known as a magnesium source, which is beneficial to control insulin and glucose content that in turn reduce diabetes risk. Lastly, oat is frequently consumed for diet. Thanks to its fiber-rich characteristic, oat can make its consumers full in longer time. Research has correlated the low obesity risk to children who consume oatmeal regularly. Various nutrition contents coupled with a lot of benefits make oat more attractive as alternative healthy food.